Oxted & District History Society - Talk
Oxted & District History Society

Paul Hill, author and lecturer, gave an illustrated lecture to the Oxted & District History Society on ‘The Norman Commanders: Masters of Warfare 911-1135’.

The Normans were descended from Danish Vikings.  Rollo became Count of Normandy in 911 following a treaty with France.  The Normans were always hungry for more land and power.  They were masters of siege warfare, less risky than outright battles.  They were keen to take over England, centralised by the Saxons by the early 11th Century.  Robert, Duke of Normandy (1027-1035) intended to invade England in 1033 but his invasion fleet was blown off-course and never arrived.  By contrast, Italy, the other area where the Normans sought to expand, was divided into principalities.

Paul Hill briefly outlined the achievements of 8 Norman commanders:  Robert Guiscard (died 1085), Duke of Apulia, Calabria and Sicily, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy (1035-1087) and King of England (1066-1087), Richard (died 1078), Count of Aversa and Prince of Capua, Roger I (died 1101) Count of Sicily, William Rufus (King of England 1087-1100), Robert (Duke of Normandy 1087-1106), Henry I, King of England 1100-1135) and Duke of Normandy (1106-1135) and Bohemond ( died 1111), Prince of Antioch. 


Norman Commanders by Paul Hill