Oxted & District History Society - Talk
Oxted & District History Society

Suzanne Lax-Botjos gave an illustrated lecture to the Oxted & District History Society on ‘The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt’.

The Middle Kingdom lasted for 400 years from 2050 – 1650 BC. The pharaohs were now buried in brick pyramids with stone-cladding or caves cut in rock. Much interesting jewellery has been found from this period, made of gold, turquoise and lapis lazuli – amulets, jewelled collars and girdles. Jewelled wigs were also popular among the wealthy. Fish, cobras and bird-claw motifs were used i0n jewellery, providing protection for the wearer.

Osiris (god of the dead) was very important in the Middle Kingdom. He became democratised and no longer just a royal god. The god Amun, representing fertility was also worshipped as was Horus. The Pharaoh was semi-divine, able to intercede with the gods on behalf of his people.

Life in the period is depicted on wall-paintings and in tomb models. Tax collection, visiting barbers, servants, foreign traders, fishermen, soldiers and children playing are all to be found. Wooden models were made of imported wood as little wood was available in Egypt. During the Middle Kingdom, literature developed in stories, medical and mathematical works written on papyri. There were also schools at this time.

4th November 2008


The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt by Suzanne Lax-Botjos